Hunza Valley?is a mountainous valley in?Gilgit?in the?Gilgit-Baltistan?autonomous region, an area under the control of the government of?Pakistan. The Hunza valley is situated to the north of the?Hunza River, at an elevation of around 2,500?metres (8,200?ft). The territory of Hunza is about 7,900?square kilometres (3,100?sq?mi).?Karimabad?(formerly called?Baltit) is the main town, which is also a very popular tourist destination because of the spectacular scenery of the surrounding mountains like?Ultar Sar,?Rakaposhi,?Bojahagur Duanasir II,?Hunza Peak,?Diran Peak?and Bublimating (Ladyfinger Peak), all 6,000?metres (19,685?ft) or higher.
Hunza?was formerly a?princely state?bordering China to the north-east and?Pamir?to its north-west, which continued to survive until 1974, when it was finally dissolved by?Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The state bordered the?Gilgit Agency?to the south, the former princely state of?Nagar?to the east. The state capital was the town of Baltit (also known as?Karimabad) and its old settlement is?Ganish Village.
Hunza?was an independent principality for more than 900 years. The?British?gained control of Hunza and the neighbouring valley of Nagar between 1889 and 1892 followed by a military engagement of severe intensity. The then Thom (Prince) Mir Safdar Ali Khan of Hunza fled to Kashghar?in China and sought what can be called political asylum.
The ruling family of Hunza is called Ayeshe (heavenly), from the following circumstance. The two states of?Hunza?and Nagar?were formerly one, ruled by a branch of the Shahreis, the ruling family of?Gilgit, whose seat of government was Nager. Tradition relates that Mayroo Khan, apparently the first Muslim?Thum?of?Nagar?some 200 years after the introduction of the religion of?Islam?to Gilgit, married a daughter of?Trakhan?of?Gilgit, who bore him twin sons named Moghlot and Girkis. From the former the present ruling family of Nager is descended. The twins are said to have shown hostility to one another from birth. Their father seeing this and unable to settle the question of succession, divided his state between them, giving to Girkis the north, and to Moghlot the south, bank of the river.
The Hunza is situated at an elevation of about 2,500?metres (8,200?ft). For many centuries, Hunza has provided the quickest access to?Swat?and?Gandhara?for a person travelling on foot. The route was impassable to baggage animals; only human porters could get through, and then only with permission from the locals.
Hunza was easily defended as the paths were often less than 0.5?metres (20?in) wide. The high mountain paths often crossed bare cliff faces on logs wedged into cracks in the cliff, with stones balanced on top. They were?also constantly exposed to regular damage from weather and falling rocks. These were the much feared ?hanging passageways? of the early Chinese histories that terrified all, including several famous Chinese?Buddhist?monks such as?Xuanzang.
Hunza is a fairy tale land and a lot of myth and reality has been associated to it.
People of Hunza
As much as the valley is famous for its beauty, the people of Hunza are noted for their friendliness and hospitality. The local languages spoken are?Burushaski,?Wakhi?and?Shina, many people understand?Urdu. The literacy rate of the Hunza valley is believed to be more than 90%. Virtually every child of the new generation studies up to at least high school level. Many pursue higher studies from prestigious colleges and Universities of?Pakistan?and abroad.
The Hunza people, or Hunzakuts are people who have lived centuries in their very own isolated valleys. They speak Wakhi and the Shina. The Wakhi reside in the upper part of Hunza locally called Gojal. Wakhis also inhabit the bordering regions of China, Tajikstan and Afghanistan and also live in Gizar and Chitral district of Pakistan. The Shina-speaking people live in the southern part of Hunza. They could have come from Chilas, Gilgit, and other Shina-speaking areas of Pakistan many centuries ago.
Most of the people of Hunza are?Ismaili Shia Muslims, followers of His Highness Prince?Karim Aga Khan, while in?Ganish Village?more than 90% are?Shia Muslims.
The Hunza region is home to people of three ethnicities:
- The Lower Hunza area ? (from?Khizerabad?to?Nasirabad?is mainly inhabited by the?Shinaki people who are?Shina?speakers;
- The Central Hunza area ? (from?Murtazaabad?to?Ahmedabad) is mainly inhabited by?Burushaski?speakers.
- The Upper Hunza area, known as?Gojal?? (from?Shiskat?to?Khunjerab?is mainly populated by?Wakhi?speakers;
The majority of the people are?Ismaili?Shia?Muslims?who are followers of the?Aga Khan. The present?Aga Khan?has provided a lot of funding for the area to help with agriculture and the local economy through the Aga Khan Development Network.
Best time to Travel:
Hunza valley is accessable in all four seasons (throughout the year) but the best time to Travel there is from March to Novermber.
Seasons of Hunza valley:
Hunza is one of those palces which is blessed with four seasons,
1) Spring (March ? April)
2) Summer (May ? August)
3) Autumn (September ? Novermber)
4) Winter (December ? February)